Skip to main content

California County Court (Sonoma County) records, 1851-1880

 Collection
Identifier: SCG.00044

Scope and Contents

Official record of the County Court for Sonoma County, California.

Additional volume not found

Sonoma County Clerk's inventory indicates an additional volume not found in the 1995 Sonoma County Library Archives inventory: Plaintiffs, County Court--Old Series, 1853-1868 (inventory 215), This volume is an "index to plaintiffs in Case Nos. 123-261, Old Series, County Court. When plaintiff was People of the State of California, Case Nos. 1-122, no entry was made.

"Index shows: No., Plaintiff, -Defendant. Index to: COUNTY COURT - ORDER OF SALE - OLD SERIES, by number (212); CALENDAR COUNTY COURT (214-), COUNTY COURT MINUTE BOOK (210), FEE BOOK COUNTY COURT (218), RECORDS (219), JUDGMENT BOOK COUNTY COURT, Vols. Band C in part (220), by name.

"Arranged alphabetically by Last Name of Plaintiff. Handwritten."

Dates

  • 1851-1880

Language of Materials

English

Conditions Governing Access:

Materials stored offsite, but collection is open to research. In many cases, further details on individual volumes can be found by calling staff at the Sonoma County History and Genealogy Library. To view these materials, please call staff at link to request they be brought from the Archives to the Library

Publication Rights

Property rights reside with the Sonoma County Library. The Sonoma County Library has made this collection available and believes that the collection is in the Public Domain under the laws of the United States, but a determination was not made as to its copyright status under the copyright laws of other countries. The Collection may not be in the Public Domain under the laws of other countries. Preferred credit line is: Courtesy, the Sonoma County Library. Please see additional reproduction and reuse information at link

Court History

County Courts established by the 1849 California State Constitution The first Constitution of California was written by the forty-eight delegates of the 1849 California State Constitutional Convention meeting at Colton Hall in Monterey during the months of September and October 1849. It was signed by the delegates on 13 October 1849 and ratified by the people of California in an election held a month later on 13 November 1849. Under this constitution the judicial department of California was to consist of a Supreme Court, District Courts, County Courts, Justices of the Peace, and such municipal and other inferior courts the legislature may establish as may be deemed necessary.(Index to District Court records of Sonoma County, 1850-1879. Berwyn Hights, Md. : Heritage Books, 2016; pages ix-x)

The County Courts were to have such jurisdiction in cases arising in justices' courts, and in special cases, as prescribed by the Legislature, but no other original civil jurisdiction; county judge to perform duties of surrogate or probate judge. The Court Act of 1851 gave the County Courts jurisdiction for review on appeal judgments rendered in civil actions or proceedings by justices' court or recorders' courts within the county; to have original jurisdiction (1) to enforce mechanics' and other liens, (2) to prevent or abate a nuisance, (3) to prevent waste or give damages therefor, and (4) in cases, of insolvency; may review proceedings of inferior tribunals or offices on certiorari, and issue writs of mandate; court and judge may issue other writs necessary or proper to the complete exercise of constitutional and statutory powers.

By the California State Constitution of 1849 California, the County Judge were to be elected by voters of the county; to hold office for 4 years. (Blume, William Wirt. California courts in perspective. Berkeley, CA. Hastings law journal, vol. 22, issue 1 (1970), pages 127, 144)

County Courts abolished by the 1879 California State Constitution The delegates of the second California State Constitutional Convention of 1878-1879 produced a second California State Constitution that was adopted in Convention at Sacramento on 3 March 1879 and ratified by a vote of the People of the State of California on 7 May 1879. Article XXII, section 3 of this Constitution abolished all courts then existing, including the County Courts, except for the Justices’ and Police Courts, and Article VI, section 1 established a new judicial department composed of a Supreme Court, Superior Courts, Justices of the Peace, and such inferior Courts as the Legislature may establish in any incorporated city or town, or city and county. All records, books, papers, and proceedings from the abolished Courts were to be transferred to the new Courts on 1 January 1880. (Index to District Court records of Sonoma County, 1850-1879, page x)

County Courts established by the 1849 California State Constitution

The first Constitution of California was written by the forty-eight delegates of the 1849 California State Constitutional Convention meeting at Colton Hall in Monterey during the months of September and October 1849. It was signed by the delegates on 13 October 1849 and ratified by the people of California in an election held a month later on 13 November 1849. Under this constitution the judicial department of California was to consist of a Supreme Court, District Courts, County Courts, Justices of the Peace, and such municipal and other inferior courts the legislature may establish as may be deemed necessary.(Index to District Court records of Sonoma County, 1850-1879. Berwyn Hights, Md. : Heritage Books, 2016; pages ix-x)

The County Courts were to have such jurisdiction in cases arising in justices' courts, and in special cases, as prescribed by the Legislature, but no other original civil jurisdiction; county judge to perform duties of surrogate or probate judge. The Court Act of 1851 gave the County Courts jurisdiction for review on appeal judgments rendered in civil actions or proceedings by justices' court or recorders' courts within the county; to have original jurisdiction (1) to enforce mechanics' and other liens, (2) to prevent or abate a nuisance, (3) to prevent waste or give damages therefor, and (4) in cases, of insolvency; may review proceedings of inferior tribunals or offices on certiorari, and issue writs of mandate; court and judge may issue other writs necessary or proper to the complete exercise of constitutional and statutory powers.

By the California State Constitution of 1849 California, the County Judge were to be elected by voters of the county; to hold office for 4 years. (Blume, William Wirt. California courts in perspective. Berkeley, CA. Hastings law journal, vol. 22, issue 1 (1970), pages 127, 144)

County Courts abolished by the 1879 California State Constitution

The delegates of the second California State Constitutional Convention of 1878-1879 produced a second California State Constitution that was adopted in Convention at Sacramento on 3 March 1879 and ratified by a vote of the People of the State of California on 7 May 1879. Article XXII, section 3 of this Constitution abolished all courts then existing, including the County Courts, except for the Justices’ and Police Courts, and Article VI, section 1 established a new judicial department composed of a Supreme Court, Superior Courts, Justices of the Peace, and such inferior Courts as the Legislature may establish in any incorporated city or town, or city and county. All records, books, papers, and proceedings from the abolished Courts were to be transferred to the new Courts on 1 January 1880. (Index to District Court records of Sonoma County, 1850-1879, page x)

Extent

3 Linear Feet (3 linear feet (24 volumes))

Abstract

This collection contains records of cases heard in the County Court for Sonoma County, California, between 1850 and 1880. Includes record of civil and criminal cases heard in County Court, daily records of County Court operations, and records of cases on appeal.

Arrangement of the collection

Organized into 13 series:

  1. Judgment book, 1854-1878
  2. Judgment docket, 1854-1857
  3. Docket book, 1858-1879
  4. Old series, Defendants, County Court, 1853-1868
  5. Fee book, 1857-1859
  6. Fee book and register, 1859-1880
  7. County Court, Sonoma County, Minute book, County Court : January 20, 1851 To January 2, 1854; 8. Minute book, County Court, 1857-1879
  8. Calendar, County Court, 1857-1878
  9. Index to plaintiffs, County Courty, 1859-1872
  10. Index to defendants, County Courty, 1859-1872
  11. Index, County Court, 1857-1859
  12. Records, 1857-1859
Title
California County Court (Sonoma County) records, 1851-1880
Author
Finding aid author: Mark Cooper.
Date
Published July 12, 2019
Description rules
Describing Archives: A Content Standard
Language of description
English
Script of description
Latin
Language of description note
Finding aid written in:English

Repository Details

Part of the Sonoma County Library Archives Repository

Contact:
725 3rd St.
Santa Rosa CA 95404 United States